Local name: Pandanus (hojas de lino)
English Name: Varigated dwarf pandanus
Botanical Name: Pandanus baptistii variegate
Native to Madagascar, Mauritius and the Seychelles this variegated Pandanus is a fast growing drought tolerant plant. It’s bright green and golden leaves make a striking addition to floral displays.
Local name: Lengua de suegra
English Name: Mother in law’s tongue / Snake plant / Saint Georges sword
Botanical Name: Sansevieria trifasciata
Originating in tropical West Africa, Sansevieria trifasciata is an evergreen, clump forming plant. It is easily grown out of doors in tropical and sub-tropical climates, but is also a popular house plant in cooler climates due to its tolerance for lower light levels.
Local name: Dracaena
English Name: The song of India
Botanical Name: Dracaena reflexa variegata
Native to Mozambique, Madagascar and several islands of the Indian Ocean. It can sometimes be confused with the popular “Corn plant”. This variety of Dracaena does make a good indoor plant and has been shown to be an effective plant to purify air.
Local name: Wild purple ginger
English Name: Wild purple ginger
Botanical Name: Dichorisandra thyrsiflora
Wild purple ginger is not in fact a true ginger but is in fact a member of the spiderwort family. Native to the tropics of North, Central and South America and is grown for it’s beautiful foliage and distinct flowers.
Local name: Antorcha
English Name: Torch ginger
Botanical Name: Etlingera elatior
Native to Indo-malaysia and Australasia, it is grown for its spectacular flowers and for use in Southeast Asian cooking. The stems are used in curries and noodles, the flower buds can also be used in dishes and sauces, even the seed pods are used to flavor fish dishes.
Local name: Indian head ginger
English Name: Indian head ginger
Botanical Name: Costus spicatus
Originating in the Caribbean, the leaves are used in Dominica to make a tea to combat diabetes although it’s efficacy has been brought into question. The flower head makes a striking addition to flora displays.
Local name: Maracas Rosadas
English Name: Shampoo ginger / Pinecone ginger
Botanical Name: Zingiber zerumbet
Originally from Asia this member of the ginger family can now be found throughout the tropics. The rootstalks are used for flavouring dishes, they are also used in Malaysia in traditional medicine for treating ailments including inflammatory diseases, diarrhoea and worm infestation.
Local name: Maracas amarillas
English Name: Malaysian yellow
Botanical Name: Zingiber spectabile griff
A true ginger used in Indonesia to treat a variety of ailments, it has even been suggested that it may have some benefit in treating colon cancer. The unusual and spectacular blooms make a fabulous accent to floral displays.
Local name: Heliconia colgante (hanging)
English Name: Hanging lobster claw / false bird of paradise
Botanical Name: Heliconia rostrate
These spectacular flowers never fail to amaze and make excellent cut flowers with good longevity. A perennial plant native to the tropics of Central and Southern America, probably one of the most recognisable tropical flowers available.
Local name: Lobster claw heliconia
English Name: Lobster claw heliconia
Botanical Name: Heliconia bihai
From the northern part of South America, heliconias are amongst some of the most striking flowers from the tropics. Heliconia bihai usually stands at more than 1.5 m in height. The upward facing claw like portions of the flower provide a natural container for rainwater for birds to drink from.
Local name: Musa
English Name: Scarlett banana / Red flowering banana
Botanical Name: Musa coccinea (scarlet banana)
The evergreen Musa coccinea is native to Indochina. Flowers are pollinated by bats and are followed by an inedible orange fruit. They are grown commercially for their ornamental flowers which are quite distinctive.
Local name: Ornamental Banana
English Name: Ornamental Banana
Botanical Name: Musaceae
There are many varieties of Ornamental Banana. They are native to the tropics but can make good container plants in cooler climates. Unlike it’s fruit bearing relatives the ornamental banana does not produce an edible fruit, however in some parts of the world fibres are harvested from the leaves and stalk to make ropes and mats.
Local name: Calathea
English Name: Rattle snake plant
Botanical Name: Calathea crotalifera
Calatahea can be found growing in its native habitat of Mexico and as far south as Ecuador, although it is now cultivated elsewhere as an ornamental for flower displays. As with many plants of this family, the leaves fold over at night as if in prayer only to open again each morning.
Local name: Anthurium (various)
English Name: flamingo flower and laceleaf
Botanical Name: Anthurium (various)
We have several varieties of Anthurium at Finca Los Jones. The genus grows natively from Mexico to Argentina and through the Caribbean. The bright “flower” is in reality a waxy modified leaf, the real flowers grow on the fleshy spike spadix) that protrudes from the centre of the modified leaf.
Local name: Candela
English Name: Firebush, hummingbird bush, redhead
Botanical Name: Hamelia Longipes
A member of the coffee family, Hamelia is a native plant from the sub tropics of the Americas. The scarlet flowers are followed by edible fruits, which in Mexico are fermented into a drink. In some areas the leaves and roots of the plant are crushed and used as a remedy for snakebites.